Family planning should start before a positive pregnancy test. .As about 40% of all pregnancies worldwide are unplanned, preconception health is important for everyone of reproductive age - both for women and their partners.
Good quality antenatal care is one of the most effective ways to prevent pregnancy complications. It provides possibilities for risk factors to be identified and possible health consequences can be prevented or treated.
A balanced diet during your pregnancy is important not just for the mother but even more so for the baby‘s healthy growth and development through to adulthood. 43.9% of the pregnant women worldwide have limited access to high-quality foods.
Working with the families expecting a baby, will harness the power of parents , particularly from low-income and
disadvantaged backgrounds, and ultimately improve the life chances of children.
1 in 10 pregnancies globally finish too early. Three-quarters of them could be saved with current, cost-effective interventions. Many preterm babies face a lifetime of disability, including learning disabilities and visual an hearing problems.
No parent is prepared for lost of a child. Parents are simply not supposed to outlive their children. There are various reasons that cause grief and loss, including: ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, molar pregnancy, neonatal death and stillbirth.
Maternity blues are common. A new mother feels down and tearful in the week after her baby is born. Postpartum depression & anxiety, however, is more debilitating and longer lasting condition and is characterized by despondency, tearfulness and more intense feelings of inadequacy, guilt, anxiety and fatigue, and a disturbing lack of feeling for the baby.
Creating policy framework, serving as a reference for the development and implementation of binding standards and guidelines on a national and international level is of paramount importance for the well functioning societies. When put into practice the standards ought to ensure quality, equity, and dignity in the maternal and infant care.
Breastmilk provides the best nutrition for a healthy infant development, as well as increases the bonding between the mother and the baby. Breastfeeding is not always easy at the start but, with the help of the attending health provider, self-belief, as well as help and support from the surrounding environment, breastfeeding is certain to become an enjoyable experience.
Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth. They change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body and can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops or works. If an infant is born with a birth defect or other health condition, they may need special care at birth and later in life.
This includes a large framework of activities ensuring the child is developing normally, including: new-born screening tests, sleep safety and protection from dangers at home, medical check-ups, vaccinations and other checks that certify that the children are meeting developmental milestones.
Family-friendly policies are public policies that help to balance and benefit both work and family life and typically provide three types of essential resources needed by parents and caregivers of young children: time, finances and services.
There are four main types of developmental disorders: nervous system disabilities, sensory related disabilities, metabolic disabilities and degenerative disorders. Children with disability might have a hard time letting others know their wants and needs, and taking care of themselves. It could take longer for them to learn to speak, walk, dress, or eat without help, and they could have trouble learning in school.
A developing child requires proper nutrition, protection, and regulation for healthy attachment. Children who experience neglect are often malnourished. They demonstrate lack of emotional regulation, and difficulty in distinguishing emotions. Low self-esteem and low self worth are also consequential to children who suffer from neglect as well as poor cognitive and academic development.
Childhood trauma is serious adverse childhood experiences, which might include abandonment, sexual abuse, and physical abuse, parent or sibling is treated violently or there is a parent with a mental illness. These events have profound psychological, physiological, and sociological impacts and can have negative, lasting effects on health and well-being.
Children who grow up impoverished often lack the food, sanitation, shelter, health care and education they need to survive and thrive. Consequences are grave. Poorer children are at greater risk for negative outcomes such as poor academic achievement, school dropout, abuse and neglect, behavioural and socioemotional problems, physical health problems, and developmental delays.
The progress of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education is very slow. In 2030, over 200 million children will be out of school. In low-income countries, the school completion rate is only 34%, in only 20% of the households. School closures during COVID-19 kept 90% of the pupils out of school with 500 million without facilities for remote education. 130 million girls still have no access to school or education.